24-25 March 2022
Europe/Paris timezone

Lifetime measurements in A≃96 isotopes via the fast-timing technique.

24 Mar 2022, 10:00


Dr. Eugenio GAMBA (Università degli Studi di Milano and INFN Milano)


Shape coexistence is a fundamental phenomenon found in atomic nuclei. It consists in some states displaying different intrinsic deformations while having relatively similar excitation energies [1].
Neutron-rich nuclei belonging to the A≃100 region of the nuclear chart are known to show a large degree of deformation [2]. In particular, the limit N = 60 is well known for showing a dramatic shape change from spherical to deformed [3]. Due to the interplay between these spherical and deformed configurations, shape coexistence is expected in nuclei lying at the border between the two regions [4].
Nuclei belonging to the low-Z edge of the A≃100 deformed region of the nuclear chart were produced in the thermal-neutron-induced fission of a $^{233}$U target at the ILL laboratory. The different isotopes were separated using the LOHENGRIN mass spectrometer and tagged by a ionization chamber. Due to the microsecond-long time of flight of fission products, only states populated via the decay of microsecond isomers in these nuclei, or those populated in the beta decay of their parent nuclei already implanted, were observed thanks to the emitted gamma rays.
Lifetime measurements of excited states in $^{96}$Rb, $^{93-96}$Y and $^{94-95}$Sr were measured using the fast-timing technique [5] with LaBr$_{3}$:Ce gamma-ray detectors (scintillators), which is able to provide precise measurements down to the tens-of-picosecond regime. From these measurements, reduced transition probabilities and electric quadrupole moments were extracted to provide information on nuclear deformation in this region. In this contribution, preliminary results of the fast-timing analysis on several excited states in the abovementioned nuclei will be discussed, together with some still tentative insight of their physical interpretation. A comparison with theoretical predictions and results from neighbouring isotopes will also be made.

[1] Kris Heyde and John L. Wood Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 1467 (2011).
[2] P. Möller and J. R. Nix, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 26, 165 (1981).
[3] E. Cheifetz, R.C. Jared, S.G. Thompson, J.B. Wilhelmy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25 (1970) 38.
[4] S. Brant, G. Lhersonneau, and K. Sistemich, Phys. Rev. C 69, 034327 (2004).
[5] H. Mach, R.L. Gill, M. Moszynski, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 280 (1989) 49.

Primary author

Dr. Eugenio GAMBA (Università degli Studi di Milano and INFN Milano)


Simone Bottoni (Università degli Studi di Milano and INFN) Fabio Crespi (Università degli Studi di Milano / INFN) Silvia Leoni (University of Milano and INFN Milano) Carlotta Porzio Mrs. Chiara Zavaglia (Università degli Studi di Milano and INFN Milano) Natalia Cieplicka-Orynczak (IFJ PAN) Bogdan Fornal (IFJ PAN Krakow) Lukasz ISKRA Dr. Caterina Michelagnoli (Institut Laue-Langevin) Michael Jentschel (Institut Laue-Langevin) Yung Hee Kim Ulli Koester Dr. Guillaume Haefner (Université Paris-Saclay, Universität Köln) Prof. Jan Jolie (Institut für Kernphysik, Universität zu Köln) Dr. Vasil Karayonchev (Universität zu Köln) Lukas KNAFLA Jean Marc Regis (University of Cologne, Germany)

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