Feb 12 – 16, 2024
EPN Campus
Europe/Paris timezone

Dissecting peripheral protein-membrane interfaces

Feb 13, 2024, 8:35 AM
25m
IBS seminar room (EPN Campus)

IBS seminar room

EPN Campus

71 avenue des Martyrs 38000 Grenoble

Speaker

Prof. Nathalie Reuter (University of Bergen)

Description

Peripheral membrane proteins (PMPs) are soluble proteins that bind transiently to the surface of cell membranes. Having the ability to exist in both a soluble and a membrane-bound form their membrane-binding region is constrained to retain a fine balance of polar and hydrophobic character, which makes it difficult to distinguish it from the rest of their surface. As a result peripheral membrane-binding sites are notoriously difficult to predict.
We collected and curated a dataset containing 2500 structures and compared their membrane-binding sites to the rest of their solvent-accessible surfaces, in order to reveal features of PMPs’membrane-binding sites. To this goal we took advantage of the hydrophobic protrusion model we reported earlier (Fuglebakk and Reuter, PLoS Comp Biol, 2018) but also extended it to consider amino acids neighbouring protrusions. We find that, among positively charged amino acids, lysines are significantly more present than arginines. Protruding hydrophobes are a landmark of the interfacial binding sites of about 2/3 of PMPs, indicating that a majority of PMPs takes advantage of the hydrophobic effect while a non-negligeable minority (1/3) most likely relies on electrostatics interactions or other mechanisms. The IBS of peripheral membrane proteins contain significantly more glycines than the rest of their surface. Furthermore the analysis of 9 superfamilies revealed amino acid distribution patterns in agreement with their known functions and membrane-binding mechanisms. These findings and the collected dataset shed light on properties of protein-membrane interfaces and will be useful for the development of prediction models for membrane-binding sites of PMPs.

Submitting to: Integrative Computational Biology workshop

Primary author

Prof. Nathalie Reuter (University of Bergen)

Co-authors

Presentation materials

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