The pioneers of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Yoshua Bengio, Geoffrey Hinton and Yann LeCun were recently awarded the prestigious Turing Award, dubbed the tech industry’s Nobel Prize, recognising their work over 30 years in developing and using neural networks. The award also comes at a time when AI is one of the fastest growing areas in science and technology. Simultaneously, large-scale facilities, in particular for neutrons and X-rays, are facing growing challenges in producing, handling, treating and fully exploiting data of increasing volume and complexity. The workshop will therefore introduce AI in this data context and explore the potential applications of AI in treating data at large-scale facilities. The intended outcome of the workshop is an initial roadmap on how best to pursue the use of AI, preferably in the form of concerted actions for which funding opportunities may exist.